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Original Parker Pen


The Duofold had been a design that changed every thing. Its success swiftly transformed Parker from 1 organization among numerous to the undisputed marketplace frontrunner. Its bold two-tone shade plan solidly put to rest the belief that the public chosen their particular pens ordinary and black colored, and set the stage for the extensive adoption of shade celluloid pens several quick years later.

The Duofold ended up being an offshoot of Parker's Jack Knife protection range. The very first Duofolds (introduced 1921) had been huge button-filling pencils in red-hard rubberized with black hard plastic end pieces and bandless limits – showy items which caught people's fancy in a huge way. The original full-sized Senior Duofold (5.5 inches/13.8 cm long) was shortly joined by a smaller Junior and a ringtop Lady Duofold. Colors had been limited to red and black colored until 1926, when production shifted to celluloid (called "Permanite" by Parker). 1st brand-new shade ended up being a jade green, nevertheless the "Jade Pens" bore no Duofold markings before the latter element of 1927 – from which time two new colors, both highly desirable these days, were introduced: Lapis Lazuli blue and Mandarin Yellow. In 1928, Moderne black colored and pearl (black colored lined pearl) was introduced. At the end of 1929, the Duofold line ended up being completely redesigned. The new pens were streamlined, with smooth, tapered finishes. Extra colors had been introduced: burgundy (red and black colored pearl); Moderne green and pearl (green lined pearl); and lastly, green and black pearl (black colored lined green pearl).

A groundbreaking study in the Duofold appeared in a seven-part show by Don Zazove and Mike Fultz in The Pennant, volumes X/1 to XIII/3 (Spring 1996-Spring 1999). This material and more is obtainable in the 2006 Duofold monograph by David Shepherd and Dan Zazove.

Throughout: Junior in red Permanite, c. 1926; Senior in red Permanite, c. 1927; Mandarin Yellow Senior, c. 1927; early jade green Senior, c. 1927; improve Senior in burgundy, c. 1931; lapis blue Juniorette, c. 1930; woman Duofold in purple Permanite, c. 1928.

Duofolds display many limit band variants, in which they may be dated. Besides the standard designs noted above, there is in addition the Unique (Senior size, Junior diameter), the Juniorette (much like a Lady, however with a clip), and the vest-pocket (a miniature design). Duofolds in colors aside from red and black colored are particularly at risk of stain, since reactive sac deterioration byproducts usually build in the tightly-sealed barrel. Pens in lighter colors (green, black colored and pearl, green and pearl, green and black pearl) demand a substantial advanced if undiscolored. The highly transparent pale-green very first made use of is especially delicate, though the subsequent, brighter greens are extremely tough to locate in their initial state.

The Duofold's importance for Parker cannot be exaggerated. Not only ended up being it a bestseller, it allowed Parker to cut back considerably how many different models with its catalog, considerably increasing effectiveness. Parker scored another hit because of the Duofold's successor, the Vacumatic, by 1934 the Duofold line was being displaced - though production quietly proceeded through the entire decade. Title had been revived in 1940 for various designs resembling Vacs in design, but at that time the period of classic Duofolds had been over.

Duofolds tend to be sturdy, dependable pens that compose smoothly and tend to be easy to service. Many have nibs that are quite fast, particularly the larger models, so pens with flexible, broad, or italic nibs are particularly desired. These kinds of nibs are more commonly present pens manufactured in Canada, plus US-made Duofolds exported to Denmark (these typically bear the anchor level associated with the Danish representative). Many Duofolds are actually discovered with "Arrow" nibs and comb feeds; most of these tend to be later factory replacements, though some late-production Duofolds were so prepared initially. Nonetheless, enthusiasts usually prefer their Duofolds with spearhead feeds and Duofold-imprinted nibs.

NOTE: there is certainly much misinformation in the beginnings of Duofold name. Some declare that it denotes your pen could possibly be converted into a table pen, or utilized as an eyedropper, or that its nib could possibly be used upside-down. Yet not one of those supposedly key functions had been much as previously mentioned in early Duofold adverts or company literature. In reality, the "Duo" prefix had been popular at that time, being used as a marketing superlative for a wide range of items (paralleled because of the ubiquity of "very" in postwar age). "Duofold" could have suggested your brand new oversize Parker had been twice the pen competitors could possibly offer – consistent with its rates, which forced current market norms - although the "-fold" suffix both held through the relative reference (as with "twofold") and alluded into size and rigidity of this Duofold's large, manifold-style nib ("manifold" becoming the word for stiff nibs created for use with carbon paper, with which one will make manifold copies of a document).



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