Types of fountain pen nibs
Fountain pen nibs are produced in a bewildering assortment of sizes and designs. Needless to say, covering every thing about every kind of nib within one article will be bewildering as wellwe wont do thatbut there must be sufficient useful information to assist you better decide what nibs might most useful match your writing design. In this specific article, Ill pretend is experienced in listed here facets of nibs:
- Nib tip forms
- Nib sizes and types
Nib Tip Shapes
You will find three basic nib shapes: Round, stub, and italic. Ball point, oblique, and calligraphy nibs are simply just slight variants associated with the round and italic shapes, and Ill discuss these variations inside their proper contexts..
Round Nibs: a round nib is ground and polished to have approximately a circular footprint, in order that its range width is pretty consistent it doesn't matter what course the nib is going over the paper. I say roughly because form is rarely a genuine circle. Nibs tend to be tiny, and hands tend to be big. Milling a nib to a geometrically perfect shape yourself only isnt feasible, but this will be one area which close adequate in fact is close adequate. Listed here is a magnified silhouette representing the basic shape of a round nib, and a cross illustrating the consistent stroke width that this nib produces:
A ball-point nib is like a regular round nib, however it is additionally surface and refined to enable you to write with-it while holding the pen with its nib on underside as opposed to in the typical nib-uppermost direction. This gives a finer line, in order to have, ultimately, two different nib sizes using one pen. Parker ended up being well-known for the standard of its ball-point nibs. Sheaffers Feathertouch nibs will also be ball-point nibs, and Sheaffer included a ball-point nib among the list of choices it supplied when it comes to interchangeable-nib Fineline series of pens so it produced to take on Esterbrook. (But observe that Fineline nibs aren't compatible with Esterbrooks Renew Point nibs!)
Stub Nibs: A stub nib is elongated sideways, having a footprint this is certainly somewhat elliptical. This makes it set down a slightly broader range whenever upgrading and down (about the nib it self) and a narrower one when moving laterally (again, about the nib). The eccentricity for the ellipse isnt too pronounced, and also the nib remains polished to possess great curved edges. This means you can easily compose with a stub pretty much as quickly much like a regular nib. Let me reveal a magnified silhouette representing the basic model of a stub nib, and a cross illustrating the minor variation in swing width this nib produces:
Italic Nibs: An italic nib is much more elongated. This is why the difference between its wide (up-and-down) shots and its thin shots (sideways) much more obvious than with a stub. Theres a readily perceptible straight-edge across the tip of an italic. Here is a magnified silhouette representing the basic model of an italic nib, along with a cross illustrating the more extreme difference in stroke width this nib produces:
When you compose with an italic, you possess the pen using the nib usually from your forearm (as with a stub or a circular nib). We mention this time right here because you hold a pen with an oblique nib in a different way, and Ill explain that distinction later. Whenever employed by a right-handed person, an italic will typically make shots that are of roughly equal width both in the vertical and horizontal guidelines; shots from the top straight to the reduced left should be thinner, and shots through the upper remaining into reduced right will be thicker, as shown right here:
This is actually the swing arrangement most commonly present in Old English and other blackletter styles and in numerous italic and Chancery designs:
The Old English text reveals additional ornamentation that could be used with a tremendously fine dip-pen nib called a crow quill. (The pictures here had been really produced utilizing typeset fonts, but they are characteristic.)
Left-handed article authors use so many different writing designs, overwriting and underwriting, writing uphill, writing horizontally, and writing downhill, so its not possible to show a typical left-handed writers results. With regards to the method you position your hand and align your paper, your wide and slim strokes will likely to be lined up in instructions distinct from those of a right-handed copywriter, and likely different even from those of various other left-handed article writers. Youll need to experiment yourself.
While you could have guessed right now, italics and calligraphy nibs are exactly the same part of terms of kind; but a calligraphy nib might-be also larger however. Italics tend to be completed with reasonably less rounding to their sides than circular or stub nibs. This square-edged routine in addition to broader footprint result in a larger tendency to get on corners and a better habit of miss in the event that nib isnt held straight-on into the report (i.e., when one side of the nib lifts away as a result of nibs being rocked sideways). Writing also quickly with an italic has a tendency to create scratchiness and skips.True calligraphy nibs in many cases are even squarer than italics; the intention is give a really sharp and controllable line width. This is the reason you cant only grab an italic or a calligraphy nib and dash down a note the manner in which you would together with your typical nib. Youre forced to write more gradually in order to keep control of your writing. But with rehearse, some article writers become really adept with italic nibs, making beautiful text.
Today we come to the the oblique. An oblique is precisely like an italic except its cut on a slant. The oblique shown within the after figure is a right oblique; it appears to be like the right foot whenever viewed from the top. A left oblique is cut regarding reverse slant. In this figure, the italic is on remaining and also the oblique is from the right:
Once you compose with an oblique, you have to replace the positioning of this pen to make the nibs flat work surface contact the paper. The right oblique, when employed by a right-handed individual, will undoubtedly be focused with all the nib generally away from the human anatomy rather than the forearm. This will offer wider shots when the pen is drawn toward or away from the human anatomy and narrower shots once the pen is attracted sideways across the human body. In general, this is certainly perfect for making letters shaded in the manner roman type is shaded, with dense verticals and thin horizontals, as seen right here:
Left-handed article writers, both underwriters and overwriters, will typically have better success with a left oblique than with a right oblique; about, the left oblique will be much easier to hold. Just like an italic, youll need to experiment to find the best oblique for your needs.
Nib Sizes and Kinds
Nib Sizes: Nibs were created in five basic dimensions designation: Extra fine (XF), fine (F), medium (M), broad (B), and two fold broad (BB). While you might expect, some manufacturers make extra sizes, particularly a triple diverse (BBB). There is absolutely no intercontinental standard that specifies the exact sizes for nibs, so various makers will likely make nibs being notably different in proportions. The ideas of modern-day nibs seem to be just a little larger, usually, than those of classic nibs of the same designation. I think this is indeed because through the years a wider line became a lot more popular, perhaps due to the influence associated with ballpoint pen, so your nib that creates a line of usual dimensions are larger than it used to be. (you can find technical limitations how tiny a ballpoint is and still work; a medium ballpoint creates a wider range than the average classic method water feature pen nib.)